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ABS stands for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer, and is a synthetic terpolymer.
The “Anglepoise tasklight 1933/34” is a work lamp invented around 1930 by the English car engineer, George Carwardine (1887–1948).
Art déco (short for the French term ‘art décorative’ = decorative art) is a collective term for a style that influenced architecture, poster art, photography, and above all the product design of consumer objects, from approx. 1920 to 1940.
Art nouveau is a period of art history dating from the late nineteenth to early twentieth century.
Critical term for things that are over-designed, coined by product designer and architect Alessandro Mendini to create awareness of the industrial design of mundane objects and to stylise the trivial as high culture.
Bauhaus was founded by Martin Gropius in 1919 as a new type of art academy.
Bionics (biomimicry, biomimetics, biomimesis) describes a science in which nature and its fundamental principles and methods are studied in order for these to be translated into technological applications.
Computer Aided Design originally referred to technical drawing carried out on the computer.
Corporate Identity (abbreviated to CI) is a key notion in marketing: how does a company wish to present itself and be perceived?
Design, product design, industrial design
Design originally described the graphic or plastic depiction of a concept (sketch, model).
Entwurf / Concept
The German word “Entwurf” describes conceptualisation as an analytical and creative process through which a solution to a task is developed.
Ergonomics (= the natural laws of work) is the study of humans at work, and deals with how people adapt themselves to their working conditions.
Form describes the external plastic shape. It conveys the visual, aesthetic, and symbolic aspects of a product.
Functionalism means that the design is above all orientated towards the practical, utilitarian use of a building or everyday object, so that purpose and functionality take priority over aesthetic principles.
The German word “Gestaltung” describes the process through which a person takes a thing (object, topic, structure, etc.) and through his own actions makes it his own, changes it, and makes it usable.
Haptik / Tactile design
Tactile design focuses on the sense of touch. Along with functionality and ergonomics, it plays a central role in product design.
Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm / Ulm School of Design
The Ulm School of Design was an international school which had an important influence on the teaching, research, and development of product design.
Industrial design, product design
Industrial design and product design are collective terms for the creative process when planning and designing industrially manufactured, mass-produced products.
Interface design is a creative discipline dealing with the communication processes between humans and computers, and involving the visual conceptualisation of user interfaces.
Interior architecture, interior design
Interior architecture is an area of architecture and encompasses the design, fitting, and decoration of living areas and work spaces.
Jugendstil is the German term for a style dating from around 1900 that arose as an offshoot of the French and Belgian art nouveau.
Kleinserie / Small lot production
Small lot production describes the manufacture of a small number of items of the same type and design.
Micro-architecture refers to small objects of tabletop design whose design has been influenced by architectural forms.
Minimal art developed in the USA in the 1960s as a tendency towards abstraction in modern art.
Model construction procedure
In model construction, a real or planned template is created in a three-dimensional, physical object.
Multi-jet modelling (MJM) is a manufacturing process in the area of rapid prototyping.
The term “no-design” was coined in the 1980s by the product designer Jasper Morrison.
Organic design is a style of product design which takes as its starting point organic, flowing natural forms.
Pop art arose in the 1950s in England and the USA, and in the 1960s developed into an artistic movement of international significance.
Postmodernism (lat. post = after) is a cross-genre term for a pluralist stance in style and philosophy which distances itself from the perceived dogmatism of modernism and its aesthetic processes.
In technology and industrial design, the term “prototype” describes the experimental model of a new development.
Polyurethanes (abbreviated to PU or PUR) are a group of plastics which, depending on the starting compounds, feature a broad variety of properties.
Polyvinyl chloride (abbreviated to PVC) is a plastic whose elasticity can be broadly varied and adapted to different applications through the addition of various substances.
Redesign is a term for updating the design of existing products, with the aim of gradually improving the utility value for the user.
The term “re-edition” is used in furniture and textile design in particular to describe the re-issuing of an older industrial product based on original designs.
Selective laser sintering
Selective laser sintering (SLS) is a procedure used in prototype construction for the rapid production of models or component samples whose spatial structure created layer by layer.
Stereolithography (STL or SLA) is another computer-supported process in the area of rapid prototyping (and rapid manufacturing).
The term “streamline” arose in around 1920 in the field of aerodynamics and its experiments to examine the wind resistance of trains, cars, and aeroplanes.
Tabletop design is a collective term for all kinds of table accessories.
A unique edition is an item or object of which only one unit is produced.
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